shunshierray.jpgWolves first appeared in Eurasia during the Pleistocene period around 1 million years ago. This wolf was called the Dire Wolf (Canis Dirus) a descendant of the Canis Lupus. The Dire Wolf migrated to North America around 800,000 years ago. The two species Canis Lupus and the Canis Dirus seem to have coexisted around 400,000 years. Due to climate changes and prey began to vanish the Dire Wolf became completely extinct around 8,000 years ago. At one time 24 different species of wolves roamed the United States and Canada. Wolves could be found in all major habitats including deserts, grasslands, forests, and in the arctic tundra. Between 1915-1942 humans killed 24,132 wolves. The only few species of wolves left were the North American Timber Wolf, Artic Wolf, Canadian Timber Wolf, Alaska Tundra Wolf, Mexican Wolf, and the Red Wolf. In the 1800 and early 1900's the North American Timber Wolf (Canis Lupus) roamed from Mexico across the United States and into Canada. For many decades, humans persecuted the North American Timber Wolf. The United States has 58 protected areas known as national parks. The Organic Act of 1916 created the National Park Service to conserve the scenery, the natural and historic objects, and to preserve wildlife therein. The total protected by national parks is approximately 51.9 millions acres which should allow to protect wolves.